2019 State Income Tax Rates

2019 State Income Tax Rates: What They Are And Why It Matters

State income taxes vary by state and range from a low of 0% all the way up to 13.3% in California. 

If you’ve gotten your paycheck and have wondered why you got paid less than you expected, then you’re very familiar with income taxes.

Likewise, if you’ve filed income taxes at the end of the year, then you know you always file both federal and state taxes.

Every year, the 50 states and the District of Columbia spend over a trillion dollars in state revenues, which is a staggering number.

States With No State Income Tax

There are 7 states that don’t levy income taxes.

  • Alaska
  • Florida
  • Nevada
  • South Dakota
  • Texas
  • Washington
  • Wyoming

States With The Highest Income Taxes

  • California 13.3%
  • Hawaii 11%
  • New Jersey 10.75%
  • Oregon 9.9%
  • Minnesota 9.85%
  • Iowa 8.93%
  • District of Columbia 8.95%
  • New York 8.82%
  • Vermont 8.75%
  • Wisconsin 7.65%

2019 State Income Tax Rates

If you are wondering what the range of income taxes are in your state and how they compare to other states, check out the table below.

StateTax Rate
Alabama2.00% – 5.00%
Alaska0.00%
Arizona2.59% – 4.54%
Arkansas0.90% – 6.90%
California1.00% – 13.30%
Colorado4.63% of Federal
Connecticut3.00% – 6.99%
Delaware2.20% – 6.60%
Florida0.00%
Georgia1.00% – 5.75%
Hawaii1.40% – 11.00%
Idaho1.13% – 6.93%
Illinois4.95%
Indiana3.23%
Iowa0.33% – 8.53%
Kansas3.10% – 5.70%
Kentucky5.00%
Louisiana2.00% – 6.00%
Maine5.80% – 7.15%
Maryland2.00% – 5.75%
Massachusetts5.05%
Michigan4.25%
Minnesota5.35% – 9.85%
Mississippi3.00% – 5.00%
Missouri1.50% – 5.40%
Montana1.00% – 6.90%
Nebraska2.46% – 6.84%
Nevada0.00%
New Hampshire5.00%
New Jersey1.40% – 10.75%
New Mexico1.70% – 4.90%
New York4.00% – 8.82%
North Carolina5.25%
North Dakota1.10% – 2.90%
Ohio1.98% – 5.00%
Oklahoma0.50% – 5.00%
Oregon5.00% – 9.90%
Pennsylvania3.07%
Rhode Island3.75% – 5.99%
South Carolina1.10% – 7.00%
South Dakota0.00%
Tennessee2.00%
Texas0.00%
Utah4.95%
Vermont3.35% – 8.75%
Virginia2.00% – 5.75%
Washington0.00%
West Virginia3.00% – 6.50%
Wisconsin4.00% – 7.65%
Wyoming0.00%
Washington D.C.4.00% – 8.95%

What Do States Even Use Income Taxes For?

We all contribute taxes to the federal government which then funds some state-level programs, so it can be confusing as to why some states collect additional taxes and others do not.

While the federal government does, in fact, fund some state-level programs, each state is ultimately responsible for balancing their budget and raising revenue to meet their needs.

Some states are better than others at avoiding a deficit, but the one thing they have in common is that their governments get to set their own tax rates as you can tell from the table above.

States are responsible for educating our children, building roads, repairing infrastructure, and providing other works and utilities. Without our tax dollars they wouldn’t be able to pay state employees to this important work.

Some states don’t collect income taxes, so they generate revenue via sales taxes and other avenues like corporate taxes.

While no one enjoys paying taxes, it's clear that they play an important role in our communities.

And if you are serious about achieving financial freedom, then it's important to know how much you pay in taxes so that you can budget and save off of your after tax income.

Francisco Maldonado

Francisco Maldonado, MD is a personal finance expert who was raised in poverty by a single mother and had to learn everything about personal finance on his own. In addition to running his personal finance site, The Finance Twins, with his twin brother, his site has been featured on ForbesBusiness InsiderCNBCUS NewsThe Simple Dollar and other top publications. Francisco is a physician who borrowed over $200,000 to pay for his medical training and understands debt payoff strategies and frugal living. He received his M.D. from the Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, the most selective medical school in the country, and a Bachelors degree in physiology from the University of Minnesota. He is currently a radiology resident at Northwestern University. You can contact Francisco here or via Instagram @thefinancetwins.

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