As our regulars know, Camilo began his career on Wall Street in New York City at J.P. Morgan, one of the premier investment banking franchises in the world.
Growing up poor in Minnesota, it was the last place I ever expected to be working.
I saw my dad work hourly jobs at places like Burger King and Dunkin Donuts, so I thought that might be more fitting.
But getting into and graduating from an Ivy League university changed my life forever. I learned a lot of lessons from that experience of going from poverty to the ivy league.
But my learning didn't end in college.
The Money Lessons Learned On Wall Street
As a fresh-eyed college graduate entering the world of investment banking, I knew I would be spending a lot of time at the office working hard on projects for our clients (the world’s largest companies).
With a freshly minted bachelor’s degree in finance from Wharton and two summer internships at J.P. Morgan, I was excited to do the work I was hired for.
And I was ecstatic to be making a base salary of $70,000 plus a hefty annual bonus in only my first year of working. I knew this money would mean that I would never have to live in poverty again.
However, what I wasn’t ready for were the regular calls from friends and family asking for personal finance advice.
What they didn’t realize is that my job as an investment banking analyst really had NOTHING to do with managing my personal money at all.
They assumed that because I worked in corporate finance that surely, I must be a personal finance expert.
In fact, It was this very experience that helped solidify my passion and interest in personal finance. After that, I consumed the best personal finance books I could find.
Today, I’ll be sharing the personal finance lessons I learned from working on Wall Street.
As An Investment Banker, Your Job (In Part) Is To Value Individual Companies
Upon graduation I joined J.P. Morgan's investment banking division. The group I worked in advised some of the largest companies in the world.
Traditionally, the sexiest part of investment banking is the M&A (mergers and acquisitions) work. This jargon simply means that we’d help our clients buy other companies, or help them sell their company to an interested buyer.
As the most junior person on the team, it was my job to crunch the numbers for these transactions.
One of the biggest lessons I learned on Wall Street is that the amount of work to accurately value a company’s fair share price is astounding. We had access to the best tools and research in the world, yet we would regularly be at the office working until 2am or 3am every night. There were a couple of weeks where I clocked in over 130 hours. That's almost 19 hours a day for 7 straight days.
But it was an extremely valuable lesson, because now I know that buying individual stocks is a bad idea.
In Personal Finance You Don't Care About Individual Stocks…
I quickly learned that a lot of the stock price valuation skills I learned and practiced daily didn’t really matter for my own investments since picking individual stocks is a bad idea.
There are a couple of reasons for this. First, the fees that you’ll incur actively buying and selling stocks will mean that you’ll have to beat the market by a couple of points to even make it worth doing.
Beating the market consistently is something that professional investors can't do.
It's true, very, very few investors can consistently beat the market average over a long time horizon. In fact, the majority of hedge funds (professional trading companies with some of brightest minds in the world) are unable to beat the market year after year.
You can think of a hedge fund as a company in Manhattan where a bunch of Harvard and Yale grads wear Patagonia vests and do research on stocks around the clock in the hopes of beating the market average, while being hopped up on caffeine and the promise of incredible bonuses if they succeed.
If the average hedge fund can’t beat the stock market average over the long-term, it’s just plain dumb to think you can do that. Unless you have a room full of Princeton grads helping you research pick stocks, it’s better to leave losing money to them.
Even Warren Buffett, who is regarded as the world’s most shrewd investor, still recommends investing in index funds. The good news is that it's pretty easy to pick which low cost index funds to invest in.
… But I Do Care About Financial Discipline
After valuing countless companies I started to see that the companies with the highest profits were the ones that kept their costs the lowest. In other words, they made more money than they spent, and lived well below their means.
This became a core part of my personal finance philosophy and it is your first line of defense when it comes to personal finance and building true sustainable wealth.
Seeing how the world’s largest companies produced detailed financials highlighting where every penny was spent, was truly remarkable. This experience instilled in my the importance of the personal budget.
If you don’t track something, you’re never going to change it.
If you feel pressed for time, and aren't sure what to track, start with your personal savings rate. You'll get the most bang for your buck.
Large Companies Pay Some Of The Lowest Taxes
A lot of people don't realize this, but some of the largest and most profitable companies in the U.S. pay very little or no federal taxes. This is because they find ways to limit their tax liabilities.
We can argue whether it's morally right for this to happen or not, but the fact of the matter are that they work within the existing rules to pay as little taxes as possible.
You should do the same thing with your money. One awesome way to limit how much you'll owe in taxes is by making retirement contributions to a 401K or IRA. These are retirement accounts with tax incentives.
You'll also want to make sure that you update your W4 Form so that too much tax isn't collected and withheld from your regular paychecks.
You Don't Need Professional Finance Experience To Get A Solid Understanding Of Personal Finance
The last lesson I learned is that making a lot of money, or knowing how to manage money isn’t enough.
In fact, I saw plenty of my colleagues across Wall Street buying weekend homes or cars that they couldn’t afford.
Sure they had the money, but they were going into debt or under-saving for retirement to fund their lifestyles. They got trapped by the lifestyle creep, which is the silent money thief that so many people inadvertently let into their house.
Many of my colleagues were “rich” but not wealthy. They traveled the world, wore fancy suits, and lived in the nicest apartments in the city. But they weren't maximizing their 401K contributions. It didn't make any sense.
Living within your means takes a lot of discipline and hard work. Delaying gratification goes against our natural tendencies at first.
It just also happens to be that the things that bring you the most happiness are the shared experiences you have with your loved ones.
In a world where we are pushed to spend like crazy, the best things often come without a price tag. Focus on that. You got this.